Thursday, October 22, 2015

Key Factors to Remember in Stuttering Therapy (part 2 of 2)

One is the perspective of clinician on how to treat and use a program for his patients. Does he believe in one general type of program or a varied program that fit a particular characteristic of a stutterer?

Second is the content of the program. Does it focus on altering speech or does it include change in thoughts and feelings, or a combination of both?

Third is the process of the program. Does it include mechanisms for modification of stuttering or does it emphasize on learning skills for a stutter-free speech? This is also related to the fourth one. Does the program combine procedures for modifying stuttering with teaching of skills for building fluency?

Fifth is the practical aspect of the program. Does the program ensure a practice of learning from the clinic to real-life situations?

Sixth is the effort of the clinician to understand and link the frustration of the stutterer and his life experiences to be able to map how his patient will succeed in therapy and life in general.

Seventh is the span of time the therapy process will take. Is it short term or it has follow-up program to assist the stutterer in the process of change?

Lastly, has the clinician provided several opportunities for his patients to express their experiences before the therapy, during and after the therapy?

Generally, people who plan for a stuttering therapy should remember that good clinicians are honest, positive in their attitudes, open-minded, informative, and detail disciplined.

Key Factors to Remember in Stuttering Therapy (part 1 of 2)

There are myriad of ways to treat stuttering. One should not let stuttering get in the way of their speaking and conversing with other people, especially when one needs to demonstrate emotions.

A very popular treatment in stuttering is the speech therapy. This requires consulting a speech-language pathologist. However, finding the right speech-language pathologist for you is very important for they vary in expertise. Some may work perfectly with young children, while others specialize in problems associated with brain damage.

There are key factors to keep in mind in entering a therapy process. Pathologists and clinicians will not solve your disorder. They will be just key instruments in aiding you to eradicate stuttering. First, you should remember that all stuttering therapies are self-help process. Second, such therapy is long term and full-time process for stuttering affects not only your speech but also attitudes and behaviours. Thus, the third key point is about a therapy that alters speech, attitude and behaviour. Last, be sure to be clear about the process.

Speech therapies are sometimes available at local health clinics or university speech clinics. But do remember that mostly clinicians and pathologists here are graduate students in training. The graduate students also change each semester, so your relationship with your clinician is also changing.

Choosing a clinician and pathologist is another important factor in your therapy process. Vital aspects of time, financial resources, and plans are to be considered here. As a guide in selecting your clinician, here are some key points to look at. This advice is from Hugo Gregory of North-western University, a known speech-language pathologist.

Wednesday, October 21, 2015

Workplace Stress Management (part 2 of 2)

Health Risks Of Stress In The Workplace

A link between workplace stress and physical or emotional problems exist. Early signs of job stress include: sleep disturbances, stomach problems, trouble in concentration, irritability, headache, low morale, and poor affairs with family members and friends. These signs are simple to distinguish, but without proper management, they can develop into severe health risks like cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal conditions and psychological disorders.

Work Stress Reduction

Managers and employers can reduce stress at work by providing stress management programs and training for workers and improvement in the working conditions.
There are programs that are intended to aid employees with personal problems that may be disturbing their job performance. Also, they may consist of counseling, mental health assessments, workshops on managing their time, ways of relaxing and assistance both legally and financially. The relief provided by these programs may be shallow and brief if the roots of stress in the work setting are not tackled.

Creating a healthy working environment can create a lasting stress relief of the workers. Encouraging employee participation, implementation of policies that includes the needs of the workers are some of the ways to provide a better working environment.

Employees can also reduce their job stress by getting a job description. A specific job description provided by the employer provides the basic guidelines and expectations for the performance of the employee. If the is becoming too stressful, maybe it is time for the employee to look for a more suitable job or ask if the company could modify the job to suit the employee’s skill.

Getting support from the local, state or federal agencies can lessen work stress by providing the employees the backing they need to keep them from hazardous situations in the workplace.

Workplace Stress Management (part 1 of 2)

Stress is a regular part of life and any job. Without stress, workers cannot meet deadlines, strive to achieve required sells required for the job, or meet satisfaction of the clients. Meeting the demands of a job makes the work interesting and satisfying and often allows people to develop their skills and achieve promotion. People regularly experience stress-causing situations in the workplace. They react to these events with tension and then come back to a more relaxed condition when it is over.

Stressors In The Workplace

In the workplace, stress can usually cross from normal to excessive. Excessive stress can activate physical and emotional reactions that can be detrimental to employees and business alike.

Some jobs especially those that include physical strength like firefighting or those involve in maintaining justice are very stressful. Other jobs like teaching or social work that are physiologically demanding can also be stressful and even people who crunch numbers or stamp metal can experience stress.

Workplace stress can be caused by several factors, some of which may include: unsupportive working environment, high demands of the job, or poor organizational communication.

Sudden change in the workplace can cause employees develop a fear of being fired. Frequent personnel turnover, poor chances of promotion, lack of preparation for technological changes can also become the stress factor for the employees.

Some work stress factors may include: too much workload, dull or worthless tasks, lengthy hours of work and small pay, unreasonable performance demands and rare rest breaks. However the physical environment of the workplace like noise and overcrowding, poor air quality, health and safety risks can also cause stress to the workers.

Supervisors that are distant and uncommunicative are walking stressors. Meager performance from subordinates can also cause stress to supervisors. Staff members also create their own stress by developing office politics, competition, bullying or harassment.

Saturday, October 17, 2015

Skydiving History (part 2 of 2)

Barnstormers traveled every year throughout the United States to promote parachute awareness and  perform aerial

As early as after World War I, parachute landing was already seen as a sport.  The first contest of accurate landing was
held in USSR in 1930. The first parachuting world championship was organized and held in Yugoslavia in 1951. This would be
the signal of the start of  skydiving sport that we know now.

Parachute jumpers started calling the sport skydiving.  They also started modifying the military issued parachutes to make
it more maneuverable and easy opened.  Domina Jalbert, a French Canadian kite builder designed the ram-air design in 1964.
 Jalbert patented his parafoil design in 1966 that led to a modern, multi-celled, rectangular, gliding parafoil.

Skydivers constantly tested new and revolutionary designs and materials.  Currently there are equipment for two-person and
four-person tandem jumping, smoke designs that aim to put firefighters into remote forest fires from low altitude. 

Different aerial maneuvers and variations of skydiving are constantly being performed.  For aerial acrobatics, Gary
Partnor was credited for his difficult and awe inspiring skydiving maneuvers called skydive surfing. He started skydive
surfing in mid 1960s. Year after year the maneuvers and performance became more and more difficult.

Some people consider skydiving as an extreme sport, meaning it is a risky recreational activity.  Even so, many people
simply enjoy the heart pumping experience and the adrenalin rush that they feel.  Nowadays, there are international
competitions to showcase the extraordinary things that these people can do while falling.

Their adventurousness made them a part of an ever-evolving sport history.

Skydiving History (part 1 of 2)

Most people think that skydiving is a recent sport, that it was developed in the twentieth century.  But skydiving began
soaring since China started using parachutes in 1100s.  Worldwide skydivers say that the person who invented skydiving was
the French inventor Andre-Jacques Garnerin.  In 1797, Garnerin jumped form a balloon in Paris using a parachute. 

It was followed by a woman named Kathie Palus, who became an enthusiastic fan of skydiving in Germany.  In 19th century
she started skydiving and became known for all her stunts and skills demonstrated while airborne.

When the Wright Brothers invented or made the first aircraft in 1903, it took skydiving into a new altitude.  With Wright
brothers’ invention it became possible to reach higher altitudes making it possible for divers to make more movements and
maneuvers while on a free fall.

A woman named Tiny Broadwick became the fist woman to jump from a plane in 1913.  She also became the first woman to dive
a free fall in 1914.  Jumping off planes began to be a military operation when they began using parachutes in World War I

Parachutes were continued to be used as part of military operations and mission until World War II, which is between 1939
and 1945.  Parachute riding soldiers were called paratroopers. Their most famous feat was during the invasion of Normandy,
France, where paratroopers played a key role in securing the areas for landing of the remaining troops.

After the war, there were surplus nylon parachute equipment.  The U.S. Army started the first military sport parachuting
clubs.  These clubs served to be the foundations of skydiving as a recreational activity.

Actually, it was “barnstormers” who first popularized the airborne performances and parachute jumps after the World War I.